The Power of Unity - IP/Optical Convergence Solutions

In the era of 5G, edge computing and the cloud, telecommunication networks face increasing demands for high-speed data transfer, seamless connectivity, and cost-effective solutions. The integration of IP and optical networks, along with the concept of disaggregated networks, has emerged as a transformative approach in designing and managing telecommunication transport networks aiming to fulfill these high demands.

What is IP/optical convergence?

Traditionally, IP networks and optical networks were separate entities with distinct functions. IP networks managed packet routing, while optical networks (OTN - optical transport network and WDM – wavelength division multiplexing) facilitated high-speed data transport. IP networks offer flexibility and scalability, ideal for handling variable data traffic. Optical networks, on the other hand, excel in providing high bandwidth and low latency over long distances, making them ideal for data transport. Convergence involves integrating these two networks to achieve resource optimization and operational efficiency. In practice it results in streamlining and simplification of network layers, especially physical layer of OTN/WDM systems (Layer 0) and network layer – IP (Layer 3).

How does IP/optical convergence work?

IP/optical convergence would not be possible without optical network disaggregation. Disaggregating the network involve separating hardware and software components what fosters innovation, network flexibility and cost-effectiveness. This can be achieved by  opening the optical network  and deploying an open SDN controller that can control and manage a multi-vendor network via open and standard interfaces. Optical transponders can be a typical example of a first open component of a partially disaggregated optical network. They can be delivered by vendors independent to the rest of the optical line system and managed by an SDN controller via industry standard interfaces. Fully disaggregated optical networks will ensure that all components (transponders, ROADMs, Amplifiers) can be delivered by any vendor and managed via standard interfaces. Disaggregation allows operators to select best-of-breed components from different vendors, promoting a competitive supplier ecosystem and reducing vendor lock-in.

IP/optical convergence impact on hardware and software

IP/optical convergence thus can be addressed from the hardware and software perspectives. In the hardware domain, it can be represented by the integration of coherent optics in router platforms through compact coherent pluggable modules compatible with the same form factor as client grey optics, most commonly 100GbE and 400GbE.

In the software domain, IP/optical convergence causes a significant change in system architectures. In order to manage unified networks effectively, operators will require centralized, open, vendor-agnostic, multi-layer SDN controllers providing not only visibility of all involved network layers and domains, but also delivering advanced network applications such as converged path computation engine (PCE), routing optimization and service orchestration. These applications will provide automated provisioning, advanced analytics, and service assurance and optimization.

Challenges and considerations of IP/optical convergence

Implementing IP/optical convergence and disaggregated optical networks presents challenges and considerations, but many operators have already successfully adopted these technologies.

  • Interoperability: ensuring seamless integration between different vendors' equipment and software components.
  • Security: implementing robust security measures to safeguard the converged network.
  • Skills and training: upgrading the workforce's skillset to manage the new converged infrastructure effectively.

The telecommunication industry is witnessing several trends in IP/optical convergence and disaggregated networks, including:

  • Greater adoption of SDN technologies to improve network flexibility and efficiency.
  • Increased investment in multi-layer protection and restoration solutions for enhanced network resilience.
  • Growing collaboration between operators and vendors to develop standardized interfaces for interoperability.
  • Exploration of open-source solutions to accelerate innovation and reduce dependency on proprietary systems.

The future

Recent surveys among telecommunication operators highlight the growing interest in IP/optical convergence and disaggregated networks, and the majority of service providers view IP/optical convergence as important or  critical for their next-generation networks. Many operators have conducted internal studies to assess the feasibility and benefits of implementing these technologies. IP/optical convergence and disaggregated networks will play a significant role in shaping the future of telecommunication transport networks. As technology continues to evolve, operators will need to embrace these innovations to meet the ever-growing demands of the digital era. 

Author

Grzegorz Szymczak
Grzegorz Szymczak
OSS Product Manager

Product Manager at Comarch with 15+ years’ experience in the telecommunications industry working for mobile network operators and OSS platform vendors. Supporting OSS products and solutions development with strong focus on transport networks.

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/u00a0This is a service provided by Issuu Inc for Comarch that enables the presentation of PDF documents in the form of flipbooks and social media posts.<\/p>","company":"<p>Issuu Inc<\/p>","collected":"<ul>\r\n<li>IP address<\/li>\r\n<li>The type of the computer\u2019s operating system<\/li>\r\n<li>The type of internet browser software<\/li>\r\n<li>Browser history<\/li>\r\n<li>Device information<\/li>\r\n<\/ul>","duration":"<table style=\"border-collapse: collapse; width: 100%; height: 209px;\" border=\"1\">\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\"><strong>Cookie<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\"><strong>Duration to store the data<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">_fbp<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">3 months<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">CookieConsent<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">1 year<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">_gcl_au<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">3 months<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">_pin_unauth<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">1 year<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">_uetvid<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">1 year<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">__qca<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">1 year<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">_uetsid<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">1 day<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">mp_{ID}_mixpanel<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">1 year<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">_gid<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">1 day<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">_ga<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">2 years<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<\/tbody>\r\n<\/table>","legal_basis":"<p>External Provider.<\/p>\r\n<p>Privacy Policy of Issuu:<\/p>\r\n<p><a href=https://www.comarch.com/"https:////issuu.com//legal//privacy/">https:////issuu.com//legal//privacy","data_purposes":"","technologies":"","attributes":"","location_of_processing":"","recipients":"","distribution":"","protection_officer":"","further_information":""},{"id":"linkedin","name":"linkedin.com","category":"3","description":"

This is a service provided by LinkedIn Ireland Unlimited for Comarch that tracks and analyzes the visitors behavior on the website.<\/p>","company":"<p>LinkedIn Ireland Unlimited<\/p>","collected":"<ul>\r\n<li>Operating system information<\/li>\r\n<li>Device identifier<\/li>\r\n<li>ISP or mobile network provider<\/li>\r\n<li>IP Address<\/li>\r\n<li>Referrer URL<\/li>\r\n<li>Add-ons information<\/li>\r\n<li>Browser information<\/li>\r\n<\/ul>","duration":"<table style=\"border-collapse: collapse; width: 100%; height: 209px;\" border=\"1\">\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\"><strong>Cookie<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\"><strong>Duration to store the data<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">UserMatchHistory\u00a0<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">30 days<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">li_sugr<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">3 months<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">BizographicsOptOut<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">10 years<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">_guid<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">3 months<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">li-oatml<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">1 month<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">li_fat_id<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">1 month<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">U<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">3 months<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">bcookie<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">2 years<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">lang<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">Session<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">lidc<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">1 day<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<\/tbody>\r\n<\/table>\r\n<p><\/p>\r\n<p><\/p>\r\n<p><\/p>\r\n<p><\/p>\r\n<p><\/p>\r\n<p><\/p>\r\n<p><\/p>\r\n<p><\/p>\r\n<p><br \/><br \/><\/p>","legal_basis":"<p>External Provider.<\/p>\r\n<p>Privacy Policy of LinkedIn:<\/p>\r\n<p><a href=https://www.comarch.com/"https:////pl.linkedin.com//legal//privacy-policy#share\">https:\/\/pl.linkedin.com\/legal\/privacy-policy?#share<\/a><\/p>","data_purposes":"","technologies":"","attributes":"","location_of_processing":"","recipients":"","distribution":"","protection_officer":"","further_information":""},{"id":"twitter","name":"twitter.com","category":"3","description":"<p>This is a service provided by Twitter Inc. for Comarch that integrates a Twitter user\u2019s content into the website dynamically in a JavaScript application as well as integrates user interactions into the website owner\u2019s applications.\u00a0<\/p>","company":"<p>Twitter, Inc.<\/p>","collected":"<ul>\r\n<li>IP address<\/li>\r\n<li>Browser type<\/li>\r\n<li>Operating system<\/li>\r\n<li>The referring web page<\/li>\r\n<li>Pages visited, location<\/li>\r\n<li>Mobile carrier<\/li>\r\n<li>Device information (including device and application IDs)<\/li>\r\n<li>Search terms (including those not submitted as queries)<\/li>\r\n<\/ul>","duration":"<table style=\"border-collapse: collapse; width: 50%; height: 523px;\" border=\"1\">\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\"><strong>Cookie<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">Duration to store the data<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">ct0\u00a0<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">Persistent<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">_twitter_sess<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">Session<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">guest_id<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">2 years<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">personalization_id\u00a0<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">2 years<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">external_reference \u00a0<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">7 days<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">eu_cn<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">1 year<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">kdt<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">2 years<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">lang<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">Session<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">remember_check_on<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">Never<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">tfw_ex<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">14 days<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<\/tbody>\r\n<\/table>","legal_basis":"<p>External Provider.<\/p>\r\n<p>Privacy Policy of Twitter:<\/p>\r\n<p><a href=https://www.comarch.com/"https:////twitter.com//en//privacy/">https:////twitter.com//en//privacy","data_purposes":"","technologies":"","attributes":"","location_of_processing":"","recipients":"","distribution":"","protection_officer":"","further_information":""},{"id":"vimeo","name":"Vimeo Video","category":"3","description":"<p>This is a video player service provided by Vimeo Inc. for Comarch.<\/p>","company":"<p>Vimeo Inc.<\/p>","collected":"<ul>\r\n<li>IP address<\/li>\r\n<li>Browser type<\/li>\r\n<li>Operating system<\/li>\r\n<li>Basic device information<\/li>\r\n<li>The web page the user visited or search query they entered before reaching the website<\/li>\r\n<li>Other users\u2019 activitie<\/li>\r\n<\/ul>","duration":"<table style=\"border-collapse: collapse; width: 100%; height: 257px;\" border=\"1\">\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 16px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 16px;\"><strong>Cookie<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 16px;\"><strong>Duration to store the data<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 16px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 16px;\">player<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 16px;\">After 1 year<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 16px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 16px;\">_abexps<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 16px;\">After 1 year<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 16px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 16px;\">vuid<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 16px;\">After 2 years<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 16px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 16px;\">continuous_play_v3 \u00a0<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 16px;\">After 1 year<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 16px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 16px;\">_ga \u00a0<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 16px;\">After 2 years<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">_gcl_au<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">After 3 months<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">_fbp<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">After 3 months<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<\/tbody>\r\n<\/table>","legal_basis":"<p>External Provider.<\/p>\r\n<p>Privacy Policy of Vimeo:<\/p>\r\n<p><a href=https://www.comarch.com/"https:////vimeo.com//privacy/">https:////vimeo.com//privacy","data_purposes":"","technologies":"","attributes":"","location_of_processing":"","recipients":"","distribution":"","protection_officer":"","further_information":""},{"id":"youtube","name":"YouTube Video","category":"3","description":"<p>\u00a0This is a video player service provided by Google Ireland Limited for Comarch.<\/p>","company":"<p>Google Ireland Limited<\/p>","collected":"<ul>\r\n<li>Referrer URL<\/li>\r\n<li>IP Address<\/li>\r\n<\/ul>","duration":"<table style=\"border-collapse: collapse; width: 100%;\" border=\"1\">\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%;\"><strong>Cookie<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%;\"><strong>Duration to store the data<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%;\">PREF\u00a0<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%;\">10 years from set\/ update<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%;\">VISITOR_INFO1_LIVE\u00a0<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%;\">8 months from set\/update<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%;\">use_hitbox \u00a0\u00a0<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%;\">At end of session<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%;\">YSC\u00a0<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%;\">At end of session<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<\/tbody>\r\n<\/table>","legal_basis":"<p>External Provider.<\/p>\r\n<p>Privacy Policy of Google:<\/p>\r\n<p><a href=https://www.comarch.com/"https:////policies.google.com//privacy/">https:////policies.google.com//privacy","data_purposes":"","technologies":"","attributes":"","location_of_processing":"","recipients":"","distribution":"","protection_officer":"","further_information":""},{"id":"ads-twitter","name":"ads-twitter.com","category":"4","description":"

This is an advertising service provided by Twitter Inc. for Comarch.<\/p>","company":"<p>Twitter, Inc.<\/p>","collected":"<ul>\r\n<li>IP address<\/li>\r\n<li>Browser type<\/li>\r\n<li>Operating system<\/li>\r\n<li>The referring web page<\/li>\r\n<li>Pages visited, location<\/li>\r\n<li>Mobile carrier<\/li>\r\n<li>Device information (including device and application ids)<\/li>\r\n<li>Search terms (including those not submitted as queries<\/li>\r\n<\/ul>","duration":"<table style=\"border-collapse: collapse; width: 100%; height: 213px;\" border=\"1\">\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\"><strong>Cookie<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\"><strong>Duration to store the data<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">ct0 \u00a0<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">Persistent<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">_twitter_sess<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">Session<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">guest_id\u00a0<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">2 years<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">personalization_id \u00a0<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">2 years<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">external_reference \u00a0 -<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">7 days<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">kdt<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">2 years<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">lang\u00a0<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">Session<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">remember_check_on<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">Never<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">tfw_ex<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">14 days<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 19px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">eu_cn<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.7014%; height: 19px;\">1 year<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<\/tbody>\r\n<\/table>","legal_basis":"<p>External Provider.<\/p>\r\n<p>Privacy Policy of Twitter:<\/p>\r\n<p><a href=https://www.comarch.com/"https:////twitter.com//en//privacy/">https:////twitter.com//en//privacy","data_purposes":"","technologies":"","attributes":"","location_of_processing":"","recipients":"","distribution":"","protection_officer":"","further_information":""},{"id":"google-marketing-platform","name":"Google Marketing Platform (earlier as doubleclick.net)","category":"4","description":"<p>This is \u00a0an advertising and analytics platform for marketers (consisting of Display &amp; Video 360, Campaign Manager, and Search Ads 360).<\/p>","company":"<p>Google Inc.<\/p>","collected":"<ul>\r\n<li>The total time a user spends on the website<\/li>\r\n<li>The time a user spends on each webpage and in what order those pages are visited<\/li>\r\n<li>What internal links were clicked (based on the URL of the next pageview)<\/li>\r\n<li>IP address<\/li>\r\n<li>The geographic location of the user<\/li>\r\n<li>What browser and operating system are being used<\/li>\r\n<li>Screen size and whether Flash or Java is installed<\/li>\r\n<li>The referring site<\/li>\r\n<\/ul>","duration":"<table style=\"border-collapse: collapse; width: 100%; height: 108px;\" border=\"1\">\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\"><strong>Cookie<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\"><strong>Duration to store the data<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">_ga<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">2 years2 years<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">_gid<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">24 hours<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">_gat\u00a0<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">1 minute<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">AMP_TOKEN<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">30 seconds to 1 year<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 19px;\">_gac_ &lt;property-id<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 19px;\">90 days<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<\/tbody>\r\n<\/table>","legal_basis":"<p>External Provider.<\/p>\r\n<p>Privacy Policy of Google:<\/p>\r\n<p><a href=https://www.comarch.com/"//cookie-policy///">https:////www.comarch.com//cookie-policy//","data_purposes":"","technologies":"","attributes":"","location_of_processing":"","recipients":"","distribution":"","protection_officer":"","further_information":""},{"id":"hubspot","name":"Hubspot","category":"4","description":"

This is an e-mail marketing automation system.<\/p>","company":"<p>HubSpot Inc.<\/p>","collected":"<ul>\r\n<li>Total time spent by the user on the site<\/li>\r\n<li>The amount of time a user spends on each page and in what order those pages are visited<\/li>\r\n<li>IP address<\/li>\r\n<li>User geographic location<\/li>\r\n<li>The type of internet browser software<\/li>\r\n<li>The type of the computer\u2019s operating system<\/li>\r\n<li>Device information<\/li>\r\n<\/ul>","duration":"<table style=\"border-collapse: collapse; width: 100%; height: 180px;\" border=\"1\">\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\"><strong>Cookie<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\"><strong>Duration to store the data<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%;\">__hs_opt_out<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%;\">\u00a06 months<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">__hs_do_not_track<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">6 months<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">__hs_initial_opt_<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">7 days<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">__hs_cookie_cat_pref<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">6 months<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">__hs_gpc_banner_dismiss<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">180 days<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">&lt;id&gt;_key<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">14 days<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">__hstc<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">6 months<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">Hubspotutk<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">6 months<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">__hssc<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">30 minutes<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">__hssrc<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">session<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<\/tbody>\r\n<\/table>","legal_basis":"<p>External Provider.<\/p>\r\n<p>Privacy Policy of HubSpot Inc.:<\/p>\r\n<p><a href=https://www.comarch.com/"https:////legal.hubspot.com//privacy-policy?hubs_content=www.hubspot.com\/&amp;hubs_content-cta=Privacy%20Policy&amp;_gl=1*x3gpsp*_ga*Mjc1MDczODkuMTY4NzUyNDA2MQ..*_ga_LXTM6CQ0XK*MTY5MDIwMzEwMi4yLjAuMTY5MDIwMzExMC41Mi4wLjA.\%22>https:\/\/legal.hubspot.com\/privacy-policy<\/a><\/p>%22,%22data_purposes%22:%22%22,%22technologies%22:%22%22,%22attributes%22:%22%22,%22location_of_processing%22:%22%22,%22recipients%22:%22%22,%22distribution%22:%22%22,%22protection_officer%22:%22%22,%22further_information%22:%22%22},{%22id%22:%22mautic%22,%22name%22:%22Mautic (marketing-comarch.pl\/mtc.js)","category":"4","description":"<p>This is an e-mail marketing automation system.<\/p>","company":"<p>Comarch SA<\/p>","collected":"<ul>\r\n<li>IP address<\/li>\r\n<li>Operating system<\/li>\r\n<li>Web browser version<\/li>\r\n<li>Name and surname, e-mail address, telephone number, company the user is linked to, branch, job position, country, consents to contact via phone and e-mails, other information made available by the user<\/li>\r\n<li>Other Comarch\u2019s websites visited by the user and the amount of time spent there<\/li>\r\n<li>Information if e-mails received by the user were opened by them<\/li>\r\n<li>Downloaded information available via e-mail or on the ca websites created in comarch content management system, version 1.1 and newer<\/li>\r\n<\/ul>","duration":"<table style=\"border-collapse: collapse; width: 100%;\" border=\"1\">\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%;\"><strong>Cookie<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%;\"><strong>Duration to store the data<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%;\">mautic_device_id<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%;\">1 year<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%;\">mautic_referer_id<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%;\">session<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<\/tbody>\r\n<\/table>","legal_basis":"<p>Own<\/p>","data_purposes":"","technologies":"","attributes":"","location_of_processing":"","recipients":"","distribution":"","protection_officer":"","further_information":""},{"id":"sizmek","name":"Sizmek by Amazon","category":"4","description":"<p>This is a service provided by Amazon Europe Core SARL for Comarch that allows to manage advertising content and monitor its effectiveness.<\/p>","company":"<p>Amazon Europe Core SARL<\/p>","collected":"<ul>\r\n<li>IP address<\/li>\r\n<li>The type of the computer\u2019s operating system<\/li>\r\n<li>The type of internet browser software<\/li>\r\n<li>What web pages were viewed and at what time<\/li>\r\n<li>Device information<\/li>\r\n<\/ul>","duration":"<table style=\"border-collapse: collapse; width: 100%; height: 72px;\" border=\"1\">\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\"><strong>Cookie<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\"><strong>Duration to store the data<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">OT_{ID}<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">\u00a0session<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">OT2\u00a0<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">3 months<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">u2<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">3 months<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<\/tbody>\r\n<\/table>","legal_basis":"<p>External Provider.<\/p>\r\n<p>Privacy Policy of Sizmek by Amazon:<\/p>\r\n<p><a href=https://www.comarch.com/"https:////sizmek.com//privacy-policy///">https:////sizmek.com//privacy-policy//","data_purposes":"","technologies":"","attributes":"","location_of_processing":"","recipients":"","distribution":"","protection_officer":"","further_information":""},{"id":"google-optimize","name":"GoogleOptimize","category":"2","description":"

System for testing different versions of websites.<\/p>","company":"<p>Google Inc.<\/p>","collected":"<ul>\r\n<li>IP address Browser type and settings<\/li>\r\n<li>\u00a0Device information<\/li>\r\n<li>\u00a0Information about the operating system<\/li>\r\n<\/ul>","duration":"<table style=\"border-collapse: collapse; width: 100%; height: 180px;\" border=\"1\">\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\"><strong>Cookie<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\"><strong>Duration to store the data<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">_gaexp_rc<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">10 seconds<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">_opt_awcid<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">24 hours<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">_opt_awmid<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">24 hours<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">_opt_awgid<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">24 hours<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">_opt_awkid<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">24 hours<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">_opt_utmc<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">24 hours<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr style=\"height: 18px;\">\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">_opt_expid<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%; height: 18px;\">10 hours<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<\/tbody>\r\n<\/table>","legal_basis":"<p>External Provider.<\/p>\r\n<p>Privacy Policy of Google:<\/p>\r\n<p><a href=https://www.comarch.com/"https:////policies.google.com//privacy/">https:////policies.google.com//privacy","data_purposes":"","technologies":"","attributes":"","location_of_processing":"","recipients":"","distribution":"","protection_officer":"","further_information":""},{"id":"t-co","name":"t.co","category":"3","description":"

This is a service provided by Twitter Inc. for Comarch, the purpose of which is to protect users from harmful activity. Thanks to it, it is possible to maintain the appropriate quality of the displayed content.<\/p>","company":"<ul>\r\n<li>IP address<\/li>\r\n<li>Browser type<\/li>\r\n<li>Operating system<\/li>\r\n<li>The referring web page<\/li>\r\n<li>Pages visited, location<\/li>\r\n<li>Mobile carrier<\/li>\r\n<li>Device information<\/li>\r\n<li>Search terms<\/li>\r\n<\/ul>","collected":"<ul>\r\n<li>IP address<\/li>\r\n<li>Browser type<\/li>\r\n<li>Operating system<\/li>\r\n<li>The referring web page<\/li>\r\n<li>Pages visited, location<\/li>\r\n<li>Mobile carrier<\/li>\r\n<li>Device information<\/li>\r\n<li>Search terms<\/li>\r\n<\/ul>","duration":"<table style=\"border-collapse: collapse; width: 100%;\" border=\"1\">\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%;\"><strong>Cookie<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%;\"><strong>Duration to store the data<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%;\">muc_ads<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%;\">muc_ads<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<\/tbody>\r\n<\/table>","legal_basis":"<p>External Provider.<\/p>\r\n<p>Privacy Policy of Twitter:<\/p>\r\n<p><a href=https://www.comarch.com/"https:////twitter.com//en//privacy/">https:////twitter.com//en//privacy","data_purposes":"","technologies":"","attributes":"","location_of_processing":"","recipients":"","distribution":"","protection_officer":"","further_information":""},{"id":"spotify","name":"Spotify","category":"3","description":"

This is a digital music, podcast, and video service provided by Spotify USA Inc. for Comarch.<\/p>","company":"<p>USA Inc.<\/p>","collected":"<ul>\r\n<li>IP address<\/li>\r\n<li>Browser type and settings<\/li>\r\n<li>Browser history<\/li>\r\n<li>Device information<\/li>\r\n<li>Location<\/li>\r\n<\/ul>","duration":"<table style=\"border-collapse: collapse; width: 50%;\" border=\"1\">\r\n<tbody>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%;\"><strong>Cookie<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%;\"><strong>Duration to store the data<\/strong><\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%;\">sp_landing<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%;\">1 day<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%;\">sp_t<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%;\">1 year<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<tr>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%;\">sp_m<\/td>\r\n<td style=\"width: 49.6333%;\">3 years<\/td>\r\n<\/tr>\r\n<\/tbody>\r\n<\/table>","legal_basis":"<p>External Provider.<\/p>\r\n<p><br \/>Privacy Policy of Spotify USA Inc:<\/p>\r\n<p>https:\/\/www.spotify.com\/us\/legal\/privacy-policy\/<\/p>","data_purposes":"","technologies":"","attributes":"","location_of_processing":"","recipients":"","distribution":"","protection_officer":"","further_information":""}],"category":{"1":{"name":"Necessary ","description":"<p>They are necessary to ensure the proper functioning of our website, therefore they do not require your consent.<\/p>\r\n<p>The purposes we pursue through the required cookies are described in point 3 (Purpose and legal basis) of the Cookie Policy.<\/p>","position":1},"2":{"name":"Analytical","description":"<p>With these cookies, we collect analytical data that helps us learn statistics about the use of our website and develop reports. As a result, we learn more about what should be modified and what content should be developed to make the site run more efficiently and better meet your personal needs. The purposes we pursue through the analytical cookies are described in point 3 (Purpose and legal basis) of the Cookie Policy.<\/p>","position":2},"3":{"name":"Social Media","description":"<p>These cookies come from our partners and allow us to share content from our website via external social media sites as well as display information from social media sites on our site, such as the videos from our profile. In addition, information obtained from these cookies may be used for advertising purposes on the particular social media platform that you use. Specific purposes we pursue through the social cookies are described in point 3 (Purpose and legal basis) of the Cookie Policy.<\/p>","position":3},"4":{"name":"Advertising","description":"We also track what you browse and read about on our website to further tailor the ads that are shown to you. In this way, we and our partners primarily show you ads that match your interests and are related to your interactions with our site. The purposes we pursue through the advertising cookies are described in point 3 (Purpose and legal basis) of the Cookie Policy.","position":4}}}" data-widget-class="" >

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